The Involvement of Women in Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process
Women have taken an active part to resolve the ongoing struggle between Israel and Palestine. They started reconnecting on issues and reframing the approach to peace and security. As a matter of fact, women have been represented in peace negotiations. In this article, we will discuss the role and the involvement of women in the peace process:
The Rise of Women
In the 1980s, Jewish women started initiating movements after the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982. It 1987, Israeli Women Against Occupation, Women in Black, and Women’s Peace Net were formed. On the other hand, Palestinian women have become organized to provide education and social services to Palestinian community.
In 1989, both parties of women have united to end the Arab-Israeli conflict. They called for a two-state solution before Israeli officials. They also initiated dialogue activities, local conferences, demonstrations, and visits.
Women in Negotiations
As much as women wanted, only a few women have managed to involve themselves in peace negotiations. During the Madrid Peace Conference and following talks in Washington in 1991, women were involved in the negotiating team of Palestine. However, they gradually lose representation during the end of the 20th century. Recently, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced that women will take an active part in Israeli delegation.
The International Women’s Commission
In 2000, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 was adopted to promote women’s participation in the decision-making and peace negotiation processes. In 2005, the International Women’s Commission was formed to reinforce resolution 1325. The commission was formed by both Israeli and Palestinian women, with support from other international women’s leaders.
In 2010, the UN Security Council resolution 1325 marked its 10th anniversary. A conference was held, participated by worldwide leaders and experts, to promote awareness of the work of the IWC.
Definitely, there is a need for new mindsets and more ideas in the peace process. Women should be equally represented in the decision-making process. Today, the continuing work of the IWC has not resulted to adequate representation of women on the table. It is still a challenge today on how to fully-involve women in the ongoing peace process.