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Different Perspectives in the Two-State Solution of Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

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The two-state solution has been seen by the majority as the answer to the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict. As a matter of fact, Palestinians have shown favor on this solution since the 1970s. Moreover, various polls have consistently resulted in a respectable majority vote on this solution over the years. There have also been diplomatic efforts to realize the two-state solution including the 1991 Madrid Conference, the 1993 Oslo Accords, and more. In this article, we will present to you the different perspectives of Israel, Palestine, neighboring states, and the United Nations on the two-state solution:

 

Israel

Recognizing Palestinian’s statehood will advance the two-state vision and will eliminate extremists who will rise among Israelis and Palestinians. For the Israeli Knesset for the Labor Party, the two-state solution will also preserve the Zionist dream. However, some analysts believe that by granting Palestine statehood, it will return Israel to the indefensible waistline and would place the state in great danger again.

 

Palestine

According to the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), the two-state solution has been the foundation of international efforts to bring peace in the land. Rejecting the solution will lead to further instability in the region and strengthen rejectionist elements. Thus, the Palestinian leadership remains committed to the two-state solution.

 

Neighboring States

King Abdullah II of Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan believed that the two-state solution is the only way to establish security and stability over the region. For him, Israel’s security will not be achieved if Palestine would not be granted sovereignty and independence.

 

United Nations

The United Nations firmly believes that the two-state solution is the only way to bring peace to the land. During the celebration of the International Year of Solidarity, they call to end the occupation that started in 1967. For them, the two-state solution is the only way for the two leadership to recognize each other’s legitimate rights.

 

United States

The United States reiterated the urgent need for a two-state solution between Israel and Palestine. According to former President Barack Obama, the two-state solution will not only bring peace for the two lands but long-term security for Israel.

The Involvement of Women in Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process

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Women have taken an active part to resolve the ongoing struggle between Israel and Palestine. They started reconnecting on issues and reframing the approach to peace and security. As a matter of fact, women have been represented in peace negotiations. In this article, we will discuss the role and the involvement of women in the peace process:

The Rise of Women

In the 1980s, Jewish women started initiating movements after the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982. It 1987, Israeli Women Against Occupation, Women in Black, and Women’s Peace Net were formed. On the other hand, Palestinian women have become organized to provide education and social services to Palestinian community.

In 1989, both parties of women have united to end the Arab-Israeli conflict. They called for a two-state solution before Israeli officials. They also initiated dialogue activities, local conferences, demonstrations, and visits.

 

Women in Negotiations

As much as women wanted, only a few women have managed to involve themselves in peace negotiations. During the Madrid Peace Conference and following talks in Washington in 1991, women were involved in the negotiating team of Palestine. However, they gradually lose representation during the end of the 20th century. Recently, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced that women will take an active part in Israeli delegation.

 

The International Women’s Commission

In 2000, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 was adopted to promote women’s participation in the decision-making and peace negotiation processes. In 2005, the International Women’s Commission was formed to reinforce resolution 1325. The commission was formed by both Israeli and Palestinian women, with support from other international women’s leaders.

In 2010, the UN Security Council resolution 1325 marked its 10th anniversary. A conference was held, participated by worldwide leaders and experts, to promote awareness of the work of the IWC.

Definitely, there is a need for new mindsets and more ideas in the peace process. Women should be equally represented in the decision-making process. Today, the continuing work of the IWC has not resulted to adequate representation of women on the table. It is still a challenge today on how to fully-involve women in the ongoing peace process.

Five Facts About the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

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Israel and Palestine have been in an ongoing struggle since 1945. The Arab-Israeli war has been regarded as the world’s most intractable conflict. Basically, the Arabs want to establish “Palestine” as an independent state, without control by the Israelis. In this article, we will know more about the conflict. Here are the five facts about the Israel-Palestine conflict:

 

Not all Israeli are Jewish

Jewish Israelis co-exist with non-Jewish Israelis. When Israel was declared independent in 1948, Arab inhabitants were called to participate in the upbringing of the state. With this, 25% of Israelis are non-Jewish, in which 20% of them were Arabs. Arab Israelis are given equal voting rights and are granted with all fundamental civil liberties.

 

Jews have inhabited Israel for over 3,000 years

The Jews have maintained a well-documented history of their continuous presence in Israel. According to their accounts, they have been in Israel for more than 3,000 years, from 2,000 B.C.E. onwards. Since then, they have established Jewish kingdom, archaeological, and historical sites.

 

It’s not about occupation, it’s about Israel

What we know is that Palestinians wanted to be independent of Israelis. On the other hand, another account tells that the conflict started not because of occupation, but because of the very fact that Israel exists. Based on reports, all Palestinian organization aims to destroy Israel. As a matter of fact, the Palestinian National Charter wanted to eliminate Zionism in Palestine. This goal was reaffirmed in 1974.

 

Arab violence started long before occupation

According to some historical accounts, the Palestinian Arabs have been attacking Jewish civilians even before Israel was established. The first major attack occurred in 1920 to 1921 when Arab riots erupted in Jerusalem and Jaffra. In 1929, over 85 Jews were killed when Arab reportedly attacked Hebron and Safed, among others.

 

Palestinian refugees are treated differently

The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is known to provide relief to refugees. On the other hand, Palestinians have their own UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA). Arab leaders wanted to separate Palestinians from a general relief program as being one with others means being one with Israel as well.

Palestine War

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Violence is never the answer. WEF Palestine is an online community that advocates for peace all over Palestine. We advocate for the mutual agreement of the two-state solution which we think is the best answer to the all-time conflict.