The two-state solution has been seen by the majority as the answer to the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict. As a matter of fact, Palestinians have shown favor on this solution since the 1970s. Moreover, various polls have consistently resulted in a respectable majority vote on this solution over the years. There have also been diplomatic efforts to realize the two-state solution including the 1991 Madrid Conference, the 1993 Oslo Accords, and more. In this article, we will present to you the different perspectives of Israel, Palestine, neighboring states, and the United Nations on the two-state solution:
Recognizing Palestinian’s statehood will advance the two-state vision and will eliminate extremists who will rise among Israelis and Palestinians. For the Israeli Knesset for the Labor Party, the two-state solution will also preserve the Zionist dream. However, some analysts believe that by granting Palestine statehood, it will return Israel to the indefensible waistline and would place the state in great danger again.
According to the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), the two-state solution has been the foundation of international efforts to bring peace in the land. Rejecting the solution will lead to further instability in the region and strengthen rejectionist elements. Thus, the Palestinian leadership remains committed to the two-state solution.
King Abdullah II of Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan believed that the two-state solution is the only way to establish security and stability over the region. For him, Israel’s security will not be achieved if Palestine would not be granted sovereignty and independence.
The United Nations firmly believes that the two-state solution is the only way to bring peace to the land. During the celebration of the International Year of Solidarity, they call to end the occupation that started in 1967. For them, the two-state solution is the only way for the two leadership to recognize each other’s legitimate rights.
The United States reiterated the urgent need for a two-state solution between Israel and Palestine. According to former President Barack Obama, the two-state solution will not only bring peace for the two lands but long-term security for Israel.